You must wear a seat belt. Those exempt from the
requirement include the holders of medical exemption certificates and
people making local deliveries in a vehicle designed for the purpose.
You must use headlights at night, except on restricted
roads (those with streetlights not more than 185 meters (600 feet) apart
and which are subject to a speed limit of 30 mph). Use headlights when
visibility is seriously reduced.
Ensure that sidelights and rear registration plate light are lit at
Hazard warning lights
These may be used when your vehicle is stationary,
to warn that it is temporarily obstructing traffic.
Never use them as an excuse for dangerous or illegal parking. You must
not use hazard-warning lights whilst driving unless you are on a motorway
or unrestricted carriageway and you need to warn drivers behind you
of a hazard or obstruction ahead.
Only use them for long enough to ensure that you're warning has been
You must not exceed the speed limits for the road
and for your vehicle. (Streetlights usually mean that there is a 30
mph speed limit unless there are signs showing another limit):
Loud music (this may mask other sounds)
Trying to read maps
Inserting a cassette or CD or tuning a radio
Arguing with your passengers or other road users
Eating or drinking
Using a mobile phone, using hands free equipment is also likely to
distract your attention from the road.
You should wear a cycling helmet that conforms
to current regulations.
Appropriate clothes for cycling. Avoid clothes that may get tangled
in the chain or wheel or may obscure your lights.
Light-coloured or fluorescent clothing that helps other road users to
see you in daylight or poor light.
Reflective clothing and/or accessories (belt, arm or ankle band) in
Driving in adverse weather
You must use headlights when visibility is seriously
reduced, generally when you cannot see for more than 100meters (328)
feet. You may also use rear and front fog lights (in addition to headlights)
but you must switch them off when visibility improves. (See rule 211
- of the Highway Code expanded edition 1998)
In wet weather, stopping distance will be at least
double those required for stopping on a dry road. This is because your
tyres have fewer grips on the road, in wet conditions.
You should keep well back from the vehicle in front. This will increase
your ability to see and plan ahead.
If the steering becomes unresponsive, it probably means that the water
is preventing the tyres from gripping the road, ease off the accelerator
and slow down gradually.
The rain and spray from vehicle may make it difficult to see and be
High-sided vehicles are most affected by windy
weather, but strong gust can, also blow a car, cyclist or motorcyclist
off course. This can happen at open stretches of road exposed to strong
crosswinds, or when passing bridges or gaps in hedges. In very windy
conditions your vehicle may be affected by turbulence created by large
Keeping your vehicle well ventilated to avoid drowsiness.
Be aware that the road surface may become soft or if it rains after
a dry spell it may become slippery. These conditions could affect your
steering and braking.